view in web browser
if not displaying properly

 
This week at a glance.

Monday
July 27

•Riot in Chicago
•Coup in Guatemala
•Weep and Disarm for Children

Tuesday
July 28
•Former slaves become citizens
•New Yorkers march against lynching
•More troops to Vietnam
•San Francisco bans handguns

Wednesday
July 29

•Grape boycott supports workers
•Death penalty declared unconstitutional

Thursday
July 30
•Columbus sails; Jews expelled
•Action prevents greater crime

Friday
July 31
•African-American women organize
•Namibians resist occupation
•Start at arms reduction
Saturday
August 1
•Peace urged in face of war
•Non-violent non-cooperation
•Warsaw rises up
•Action at Seabrook

Sunday
August 2
•Einstein: no weapons work
•Gulf of Tonkin incident

The little button with a BIG message

118,173 peace buttons distributed!
view list of where they are

Order some and make peace more visible.
 

buttons
to build
movements

– – – – – – – – – – –
Our buttons are
made to be used to
help build awareness
& start conversations about current issues
.
– – – – – – – – – – –
Buttons are priced so
your group can use them to raise funds.
Your purchase helps make more buttons
.
THANK YOU!
– – – – – – – – – – –

We also make
custom buttons

Union printed Detroit made





button gallery
see all buttons


   
featured buttons
Encourage discussions from the
Progressive Perspective!
click to order
Most popular
Freddie Gray • Tamir Rice
Eric Garner •
Michael Brown
Trayvon Martin • countless others
click to order
- select button -
 

Monday


July 27, 1919

A riot began in Chicago when police refused to arrest a white man who was responsible for the death of a young black man, Eugene Williams. The 29th Street Beach on Lake Michigan was used by both black and white Chicagoans. But the man had been throwing stones at the black boys swimming there before hitting Williams.

The Coroner’s report on the riot described the events as follows: “Five days of terrible hate and passion let loose, cost the people of Chicago 38 lives (15 white and 23 colored), wounded and maimed several hundred, destroyed property of untold value, filled thousands with fear, blemished the city and left in its wake fear and apprehension for the future . . . .”
The city’s booming economy, especially jobs in the stockyards, had drawn many blacks during the Great Migration from the South, more than doubling their population in just three years. Only one policeman died in the chaos, Patrolman John Simpson, 31, an African American working out of the Wabash Avenue Station.

Gangs and the 1919 Chicago Race Riot.







3 versions to
choose from
click on button
to purchase

Union printed
Made in Detroit
Please email
your contacts








July 27, 1954
The democratically elected Guatemalan government of Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán, after receiving 65% of the vote, was overthrown by CIA-paid and -trained mercenaries. There followed a series of military dictatorships that waged a genocidal war against the indigenous Mayan Indians and against political opponents into the '90s. Nearly 200,000 citizens died over the nearly four decades of civil war.
“They have used the pretext of anti-communism. The truth is very different. The truth is to be found in the financial interests of the fruit company [United Fruit, which controlled more land than any other individual or group in the country. It also owned the railway, the electric utilities, telegraph, and the country's only port at Puerto Barrios on the Atlantic coast.] and the other U.S. monopolies which have invested great amounts of money in Latin America and fear that the example of Guatemala would be followed by other Latin countries . . . I took over the presidency with great faith in the democratic system, in liberty and the possibility of achieving economic independence for Guatemala.” Jacobo Arbenz
More about Arbenz The real coup story through official U.S. documents

¿Habla Español?

(paz=peace in spanish)
Union printed Detroit made
select item



July 27, 1996

Known as the “Weep for Children Plowshares,” four women were arrested for pouring their own blood on weaponry at the Naval Submarine Base at Groton, Connecticut, on the morning of the launch of the last-built Ohio-class submarine, the U.S.S. Louisiana. The 18 such submarines carry about half of the U.S. nuclear deterrent – 24 Trident I & II missiles with a range of 7400 km (4600 miles), each with several warheads known as MIRVs (multiple independently targeted re-entry vehicles).

Trident sub being loaded Details of the action  

NO NUKES
1" pin | $.75 each
Union printed Detroit made
select pin



Tuesday


July 28, 1868

Passed in the wake of the Civil War, the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing due process, equal protection of the law, and full citizenship to all males over 21, including former slaves, went into effect.
More on the amendment and the context of post-Civil War Reconstruction
Booklet on the 14th Amendment from the Damon Keith Collection of
African-American Legal History at Wayne State University Law School

Inspired by the U.S.
Declaration of Independence

1.25"
select button
Union printed Detroit made





July 28, 1917

Anti-Lynching Parade in New York City, 1917 W.E.B. DuBois and others organized a silent parade down Fifth Avenue in New York City against the lynching of negroes and segregationist Jim Crow laws. There had been nearly 3,000 documented cases of hangings and other mob violence against black Americans since the Reconstruction period following the Civil War.

Read about W.E.B. DuBois

Strange Fruit, the song about lynching, and the film

W.E.B. DuBois
1" pin | $.75 each
Buy bulk & save
Union printed Detroit made
select pin



July 28, 1965

President Lyndon Johnson ordered 50,000 troops to Vietnam to join the 75,000 already there. By the end of the year 180,000 U.S. troops will have been sent to Vietnam; in 1966 the figure doubled. In addition to countless Vietnamese deaths, close to 1900 Americans were killed in 1965; the following year the number more than tripled.

David Douglas Duncan, photographer.
Lyndon Johnson told the nation
Have no fear of escalation

I am trying everyone to please
Though it isn’t really
war

We’re sending fifty thousand more

To help save Vietnam
from Vietnamese

President Johnson explained: “We intend to convince the communists that we cannot be defeated by force of arms or by superior power.”

"Pfc. John L. Lewis decorates his helmet with good luck tokens.
[Khe Sanh, February 1968.]" Life [Asia edition]. 18 Mar. 1968. cover.
— part of Tom Paxton’s anti-Vietnam-war song, “Lyndon Johnson Told the Nation”
Full lyrics of the song

review

"I have ordered from your site before, and have kept it bookmarked for future reference. I really enjoy the "This Week In History" I receive every week. I can't exactly remember where I first heard about your site. I am thinking that I was looking up for peace info when I ran across it. Being a vet from the VietNam war, and the age when it was so important to believe in peace, I was drawn to what you were advertising. Over the years I have sent links to all of the friends from that era I served with (who also have children enlisted) to all of my everyday friends.
Thank you again for such a offering such a wonderful place to purchase items we all remember and need so desperately."

- M M
Warren, MI





July 28, 1982

San Francisco became the first U.S. city to ban the sale and possession of handguns. The law was struck down by state courts, which ruled the local law to be in violation of the California constitution which gives the state the sole power to regulate firearms.

Wednesday


July 29, 1970

After a five-year strike, the United Farm Workers (UFW) signed a contract with the table grape growers in California, ending the first grape boycott.
Signing the contract


Exploring the United Farm Workers' History

¿Habla Espanol?
(Si Se Puede=Yes We Can in Spanish)

(paz=peace in spanish)
click on button
to select


July 29, 1972

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled the death penalty to be cruel and unusual punishment by a 5-4 vote. The Court called the wide discretion in application of capital punishment, including the appearance of racial bias against black defendants, “arbitrary and capricious” and thus in violation of due process guarantees in the 14th Amendment
[see July 28, 1868].
Influence of race on imposition of the death penalty
See what happened in
Peace and Justice history
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

Readers comment

"I want to say that this button company is the only one I know where you can order a small number of buttons for a reasonable price.  Many companies require that you order a certain amount of merchandise and that amount is often too high for a very small peace organization. Thank you for doing this. . . . Thanks again for the work you do and for supporting so many good organizations with your profits.  I much prefer to buy from real peace activists rather than regular commercial button companies.  And the weekly history notes are terrific."
-Cathy, Terra Haute, IN



Thursday


July 30, 1492

The same month Christopher Columbus set sail from Spain for his “expedition of discovery to the Indies” [actually the Western Hemisphere], was the deadline for all “Jews and Jewsses of our kingdoms to depart and never to return . . .” lest they be executed. Under the influence of Fr. Tomas de Torquemada, the leader of the Spanish Inquisition, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella had ordered the expulsion of the entire Jewish community of 200,000 from Spain within four months. Spain’s Muslims, or Moors, were forced out as well within ten years.
The edict of expulsion from Spain signed by
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
All were forced to sell off their houses, businesses and possessions, were pressured to convert to Christianity, and to find a new country to live in. Those who left were known as Sephardim (Hebrew for Spain), settling in North Africa, Italy, and elsewhere in Europe and the Arab world.
Most went to Portugal, were allowed to stay just six months, and then were enslaved under orders of King John. Those who made it to Turkey were welcomed by Sultan Bajazet who asked,
“How can you call Ferdinand of Aragon a wise king, the same Ferdinand who impoverished his own land and enriched ours?”


July 30, 1996

Four Ploughshares activists in Liverpool, England, were acquitted of all charges (illegal entry and criminal damage) on the basis of their having prevented a greater crime, after having extensively damaged an F-16 Hawk fighter jet to be sold to the Indonesian government for use in its genocidal occupation of East Timor.
Seeds of Hope-East Timor Ploughshares:
the action and the aftermath



Union printed Detroit made
click on button
to order


Friday


July 31, 1896

The National Association of Colored Women (NACW) was established in Washington, D.C. Its two leading members were Josephine Ruffin and Mary Church Terrell. Founders also included some of the most renowned African-American women educators, community leaders, and civil-rights activists in America, including Harriet Tubman, Frances E.W. Harper, Margaret Murray Washington, and Ida B. Wells-Barnett.
Mary Church Terrell
The original intention of the organization was “to furnish evidence of the moral, mental and material progress made by people of colour through the efforts of our women.” However, over the next ten years the NACW became involved in campaigns favoring women's suffrage and opposing lynching and Jim Crow laws. By the time the United States entered the First World War, membership had reached 300,000.

The NACW and its founders


peace bandanas
back in stock
. . . but bigger

(27 x 27
)
select bandana



July 31, 1986

25,000 people rallied in Namibia for freedom from South African colonial rule. In June, 1971 the International Court of Justice had ruled the South African presence in Namibia to be illegal. Eventually, open elections for a 72-member Constituent Assembly were held under U.N. supervision in November, 1989. Three months later Namibia gained its independence, and maintains it today.
More on Namibia’s independence Namibian flag

click to order
Union printed Detroit made



July 31, 1991

The United States and the Soviet Union, represented by President George H.W. Bush and General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev, signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, known as START I. It was the first agreement to actually reduce (by 25-35%) and verify both countries’ stockpiles of nuclear weapons at equal aggregate levels in strategic offensive arms.
The Soviet Union dissolved several months later, but Russia and the U.S. met their goals by December, 2001. Three other former republics of the U.S.S.R., Kazakhstan, Belarus and Ukraine, have eliminated these weapons from their territory altogether.
Comprehensive info from the Federation of American Scientists:

New
Bernie
buttons

1.5"
Union printed Detroit made
click button
to order

Please email your contacts






1" button
select button
Union printed - Detroit made


Saturday


August 1, 1914

 

As World War I began, Harry Hodgkin, a British Quaker, and Friedrich Siegmund-Schulte, a German Lutheran pastor, attending a conference in Germany, pledged to continue sowing the “seeds of peace and love, no matter what the future might bring,” germinating the idea for the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR).

FOR's Mission: FOR seeks to replace violence, war, racism, and economic injustice with nonviolence, peace, and justice. We are an interfaith organization committed to active nonviolence as a transforming way of life and as a means of radical change. We educate, train, build coalitions, and engage in nonviolent and compassionate actions locally, nationally, and globally.

History of the Fellowship of Reconciliation



August 1, 1920

Mohandas Gandhi began the movement of "non-violent non-cooperation" with the British Raj (ruling colonial authority) in India. The strategy was to bring the British administrative machine to a halt by the total withdrawal of Indian popular support, both Hindu and Muslim. British-made goods were boycotted, as were schools, courts of law, and elective offices.

More on the Non-Cooperation Movement

Gandhi
1" pin | $.75 each
Buy bulk & save
Union printed Detroit made
select pin




August 1, 1944

The Polish underground army began its battle to liberate Warsaw, the first European city to have fallen to the Germans in World War II.

The heroic effort to rout the Germans


We also make
custom buttons



August 1, 1976

200 people, organized by the Clamshell Alliance, occupied the site of a new nuclear power plant in Seabrook, New Hampshire. They were attempting to halt construction the same day the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission had issued a construction license. Eighteen were arrested. Eventually, only one of two planned reactors was built.

Clamshell history


No Nuclear
- a series -

select button


Sunday


August 2, 1931

Albert Einstein urged all scientists to
refuse military work.

"I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones."
- Albert Einstein
Book review of Einstein on Politics

Other Einstein thoughts on the military:

Albert Einstein
1" pin | $.75 each

Union printed Detroit made
select pin




August 2, 1964
The U.S.S. Maddox, a destroyer conducting intelligence operations along North Vietnam’s coast, reported it had been attacked by some of the North’s torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin. The day before, the North had been attacked by the South Vietnamese Navy and the Laotian Air Force under U.S. direction.
30-year perspective on reporting of the
Tonkin Gulf Incident
Flawed Intelligence and the Decision for War in Vietnam (from official documents)

A PEACE PRESENT
with every order



top of page

Reproduction of this calendar for non-profit purposes

is permitted and encouraged. Please credit/link to www.peacebuttons.info

Publisher, Carl Bunin • Editor, Al Frank Detroit, Michigan

To unsubsribe from these WEEKLY Peace and Justice history mailings from peacebuttons.info,

respond by sending an email here and you will be removed from our mail list.
It is important that you reply from the email address that you want removed.

©2015 peacebuttons.info


The little button with a BIG message